School Health Program

The School Health Program is defined as “the school procedures that contribute to the maintenance and improvement of the health of pupils and school personnel including health services healthful living and health education”.

Childhood is the age of learning and it is the time when a child start developing practices and attitude towards health. It is very important to target the children for oral health awareness and demonstration of correct methods for oral hygiene.

School is considered as place for learning where children learn not only subjective knowledge but also life style practices and health seeking behaviors.

It has been proven that schools can provide an ideal platform for the promotion of oral health. At the global level, approximately 80% of children attend primary schools and 60% complete at least four years of education, with wide variation between countries and gender. They can be nurtured well for their general and oral health and can very well be implemented effectively.

Health Promoting School – Vision 

A health promoting school is one that constantly strengthens its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working.

A health promoting school:

  • Fosters health and learning with all the measures at its disposal.
  • Engages health and education officials, teachers, teachers’ unions, students, parents, health providers and community leaders in efforts to make the school a healthy place.
  • Strives to provide a healthy environment, school health education, and school health services along with school/community projects and outreach, health promotion programmes for staff, nutrition and food safety programmes, opportunities for physical education and recreation, and programmes for counselling, social support and mental health promotion.
  • Implements policies and practices that respect an individual’s well being and dignity, provide multiple opportunities for success, and acknowledge good efforts and intentions as well as personal achievements.
  • Strives to improve the health of school personnel, families and community members as well as pupils; and works with community leaders to help them understand how the community contributes to, or undermines, health and education. 

Health promoting schools focus on:

  • Caring for oneself and others.
  • Making healthy decisions and taking control over life’s circumstances.
  • Creating conditions that are conducive to health (through policies, services, physical / social conditions).
  • Building capacities for peace, shelter, education, food, income, a stable ecosystem, equity, social justice, sustainable development.
  • Preventing leading causes of death, disease and disability: helminths, tobacco use, HIV/AIDS/STDs, sedentary lifestyle, drugs and alcohol, violence and injuries, unhealthy nutrition.
  • Influencing health-related behaviors: knowledge, beliefs, skills, attitudes, values, support.

School Health Programs

The School Health Program is defined as “the school procedures that contribute to the maintenance and improvement of the health of pupils and school personnel including health services healthful living and health education”.

But to speak the truth our school hardly ever has a well defined School Health Programme incidentally the teaching about health is done while treating other subjects of the curri­culum -such as physiology, hygiene and biology. The approach to these subjects is so academic that they are considered to be important from the ‘examination point of view’ and have very little effect on actual health practices and attitudes.

But in general, school health education should be integrated with all the activities in the curriculum. It should be a part and parcel of the chili’s daily life. It must include the whole life of the child taking in to considera­tion his relationship with the school community as well as the community outside the school.

Objectives of School Health Education:

  1. The promotion of positive health;
  2. The prevention of diseases;
  3. Early diagnosis, treatment and follow up of defects;
  4. Awakening health consciousness in children:

However, the objectives of school health service can be achieved through a comprehensive School Health Programme comprising the following activities:

  1. Health appraisal of school children and school personnel;
  2. Co-operation with the home and the community;
  3. Healthful school environment;
  4. Prevention of communicable diseases;
  5. Nutritional services;
  6. First aid and emergency care;
  7. Psychological services;
  8. Use of school health records;
  9. Remedial measures and follow up;
  10. Health instruction;

School Health Appraisal:

The School Health Appraisal should cover not only the stu­dents but also the teachers and other school personnel. Health appraisal consists of periodic medical examinations and observation of children by the class teacher.

The School Health Committee (1%1) in India, recommended medical examination of children at the time of entry and thereafter every four years. So one of the most important means of taking care of the physical well being of the school children is through systematic medical inspection of schools.

Generally it is seen that most of the students in the school suffer from many preventable diseases such as defective teeth, bad sight, deafness, anemia etc. but such diseases adversely affect the learning capacity of the students and cause ill health.

Medical Check-up is only the initial step in a great scheme of progress which involves the improvement of not only the physical but the mental and moral develop­ment of the children. Although the system of school medical Check-up has been in existence for a number of years, yet the outcome of the result have not been satis­factory for the following reasons as pointed out by Secon­dary Education commission.

Process of program being implemented by Trinity Care Foundation ;
The team will cover Government schools in Karnataka State, India and undertake the following activities:

  1. Pre-screening of students for height, weight, skin, eye, dental, cardiac, caries, oral lesions, facial deformities, etc.,
  2. Facilitating medical intervention for those shortlisted through the pre-screening
  3. Impart awareness on health issues,adolescent health, hand-washing, ill effects of tobacco and tooth brushing techniques to students of government schools.
  4. Undertake training for teachers and health workers to carry forward the work.
  5. Digital capture of data of each child.

To Partner for CSR Programs : http://trinitycarefoundation.org/csrprogrammesindia

Trinity Care Foundation Projects can be viewed : https://www.flickr.com/photos/trinitycarefoundation/albums

The systematic medical examination which has been described above should be supplemented by daily inspection. This inspection must be made especially on the child’s entry in the school premises in the morning and any lapse from the normal should be noted and endeavour should be made to have these corrected. The inspection suggested here can be made in a few moments, while the pupils assemble in the’ morning and in the same manner matters pertaining to cleanliness and neatness may also be noticed.

Trinity Care foundation is a Bangalore based NGO ( Non Government organization ) focused on developing health care of community and school children. We conduct health care CSR( Corporate Social Responsibility) programmes, free cleft lip and palate surgeries and school health programmes in Bangalore and many districts and taluks of Karnataka. For more details Please get in touch with us